Title:
Roasting Beds
Town:
Vershire
County:
Orange
State:
Vermont
Date:
1860 - 1883
Description:
The stereoview shows several buildings on the side of a hill and in the flat foreground. The hill has few trees. Note the firewood stacked behind the wooden water conduit. The back of the photo reads, "Furnaces." It would appear that copper ore is being roasted here as part of a process to extract the copper. The roasting is being fired by wood, explaining perhaps in part the deforestation although that may be related also to acidic emission from burning sulfur-rich minerals. Esther Munroe Swift writes on 2005-5-19: Very early in Vermont history copper had been found in Vershire & mined on a small scale. During the Civil War copper was much needed. In 1865 Smith Ely of New York City gained controlling interest in the mines. By 1880 the mines produced over 3 million tons of copper & 2,000 men worked the mines. So the town decided to change its name from Vershire to Ely. But by 1882 the mines were in serious financial difficulty & the town went back to being Vershire. The price of copper dropped & in 1883 the mines closed. Smith had no money to pay the miners who then rioted and what is known as the Ely War began. Utimately the state militia was sent to Vershire; miners were arrested; peace was restored and so ended the Ely War.The mines never re-opened as did the ones in Strafford in both world wars.
Filename:
LS04988_000.jpg
Size:
3692 x 1768 pixels; 1888023 bytes
Original Filename:
SV1077_.jpg
Keywords:
Buildings; Culture; Ecosystems; Forests and Plants; Forests and forestry; Human Activity; Human Constructs; Industrial buildings; Living Things; Meadows; Mines and mineral resources; Nature; Ore deposits; Tailings embankments; Wooden-frame buildings; Woodlots; Work;
Source:
Special Collections, Bailey/Howe Library, University of Vermont
Submitted By:
Shelley Snyder
Submitted On:
2004-07-19
Original Media:
Stereoview
Relative Dating Rationale:
Mines closed in 1883
Times viewed:
1394
Landscape Change Menu New Breed Marketing New Breed Marketing University of Vermont University of Vermont The National Endowment for the Humanities National Science Foundation Linthilac Foundation