HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAM
HP 307 ARCHITECTURAL CONSERVATION II
Tuesdays 1:00 - 3:45 PM, Wheeler House, Room 101
Prof. Thomas Visser, Wheeler 207, email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Course web site http://www.uvm.edu/histpres/307/hp307syl2013.html
1. Course introduction
Conservation and preservation philosophy
Charters, standards and treatment recommendations
Preservation consulting, project proposal development and cost estimates
Weaver: Chapter 1, Introduction
Young: Chapter 1, Overview, 1-16 (recommended)
AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice
Canadian Association of Heritage Professionals
Burra Charter/ Australia ICOMOS
2. Architectural conservation assessments
Historic structures reports
Conservation of historic public landmarks
||Weaver: Chapter 2, Investigating Old Buildings, 3-11
PB 17: Architectural Character
PB 43: The Preparation and Use of Historic Structures Reports
NPS-28: CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINE/ CHAPTER 8: MANAGEMENT OF HISTORIC AND PREHISTORIC STRUCTURES
HABS Historical Reports Guidelines
California State Parks - Historic Building Condition Assessment
George Rogers Clark Memorial HSR
3. Windows & doors
Wooden windows and glass
Window energy efficiency issues
Window & door surveys
Window and door conservation strategies
Non-wooden windows conservation and preservation issues
Assignment 1 Proposal due
Weaver: Chapter 11 Architectural Glass, 232-238
Young: Chapter 10, Windows, 199-220; Chapter 15, Art and Stained Glass, 289-302 (recommended)
Window surveys template
Secretary Standards & Guidelines - Windows
PB 9: Repair of Historic Wooden Windows
PB 44: The Use of Awnings on Historic Buildings Repair, Replacement & New Design
Saving Windows, Saving Money - NTHP
Testing the Energy Performance of Wood Windows in Cold Climates- NCPTT
Efficiency Vermont - Home energy saving information
English Heritage - Sash windows: Why they are worth keeping
English Heritage - Research into the Thermal Performance of Traditional Windows
Burlington Window Catalogue (1940)
PB 13: Steel Windows
PB 33: Stained and Leaded Glass
4. Foundations, dampness & drainage
Weaver, Chapter 12, Foundations and Footings, 239-248
Young, Chapter 3, Building Pathology, 31-44 (recommended)
- PB 39: Controlling Unwanted Moisture in Historic Buildings
- Managing Moisture in Your Historic House
5. Building Envelopes
Invited guest speaker: Henri de Marne, nationally syndicated columnist and home inspection consultant
| Oct. 1
||6. Architectural metals
Roofing, flashing and gutters
Weaver, Chapter 9, Architectural metalwork, 175-215
Young, Chapter 7, Architectural Metals, 131 - 154 (recommended)
NPS Standards for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings: Metals
(or) NPS metals - preservation guidelines
TPS Metals #3 In-Kind Replacement of Historic Stamped Metal Exterior Siding
TPS Metals #4 Rehabilitating a Historic Iron Bridge
Save Outdoor Sculpture!
Weaver, Chapter 13, Restoring Slate Roofing, 249-253
Young, Chapter 8, Roofing, 155-174; Chapter 12, Storefronts, 239-252 (recommended)
TPS Metals #2: Restoring Metal Roof Cornices
PB 34: Composition Ornament
PB 4: Roofing for Historic Buildings
PB 19: Repair of Wooden Shingle Roofs
PB 29: Slate Roofs
PB 30: Clay Tile Roofs
| Oct. 8
7a. Preventative Conservation
Emergency stabilization and mothballing
7b. Conservation Assessments for Museums
Architectural conservation assessments and historic structures reports for museums and institutions
Assignment 2 Window & Door Assessment due
Visser, Thomas. "A Primer on Conservation Assessments and Emergency Stabilization for Historic Farm Buildings." Association for Preservation Technology Bulletin 25, no. 3-4 (1994): 64-69. (JSTOR)
Young, Chapter 9, Exterior Wall Cladding, 175-198 (recommended)
Feilden: Chapter 16, Preventative maintenance, 235-250
PB 31: Mothballing
Conservation Assessment Program (CAP)
Conservation Assessment Program: Handbook for Assessors
Historic New England: Condition Assessments
New Orleans Charter
HP Internship Presentations - 8:30 - 12:30
Billings - North Lounge
8. Conservation in a Museum Context
Site visit: Shelburne Museum
Conservation lab, collections care
Meet at 1:00 PM at Shelburne Museum Conservation Lab, Route 7, Shelburne, VT. Parking lot is on east side, opposite the covered bridge.
Weaver: Chapter 14, Synthetic Resins, 254-259
9. Conservation in a Museum Context (continued)
Site visit: Shelburne Museum
Environmental management and collections care
Meet at 1:00 PM at Shelburne Museum Conservation Lab, Route 7, Shelburne, VT.
10. Sustainability and "The Green Issue"
"Green" building conservation
Lead paint hazard mitigation and historic preservation
Solvents, strippers, adhesives & preservatives
Mold and Dampness Issues
IR imaging assessments
Sick Building syndrome
Young: Chapter 22, Sustainability, 389- 401 (recommended)
EPA Renovation, Repair and Painting Rules
EPA "A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture, and Your Home"EPA Sick Building Syndrome
EPA Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)
Beyond Pesticides CCA Fact Sheet
OSHA methylene chloride
CMHC Moisture and Mold
CMHC Fighting Asthma in Your House
Lead and bisphenol A
concentrations in the
PCBs in Caulk (US EPA)
| Nov. 5
11. Mechanical & Electrical Equipment
Energy efficiency and HVAC issues in historic buildings
IR imaging assessments (continued)
Assignment 3 Exterior Envelope (Walls, Features, Foundation, and Roof) Assessment due
Young, Chapter 19, HVAC systems, 353-364; Chapter 20, Building Service Systems, 365-376; Chapter 21, Lighting and Electrical Systems, 377-288; Chapter 11, Entrances and Porches, 221-238 ((recommended)
National Park Service - PB 3 Conserving Energy in Historic Buildings
PB 24: Heating, Ventilating, and Cooling
Weatherization Guide to Older and Historic Buildings - NTHP
LEED Existing Buildings
English Heritage: Climate Change and Your Home
National Institute of Building Sciences: Sustainable Historic Preservation Guidelines
The Greenest Building: Quantifying the Environmental
Value of Building Reuse
NREL: Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts
Parks Canada - Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada
NREL-Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts
Flooring & floor coverings
Weaver: Chapter 15 Historic Wallpapers, 260-264
Eaton's Wallpapers Catalogue (1938)
Young, Chapter 13, Floors, 255-270; Chapter 14, Walls and Ceilings, 271-288 (recommended)
Armstrong Linoleum Catalogue (1940)
||8:30 - 12:30 PM Wheeler 103
13. Code Compliance for Historic Buildings
Fire and life safety strategies
ADA and accessibility strategies
Emergency management and preparedness
Feilden: Chapter 17, Fire, 251-260 (recommended)
Young, Chapter 2, Health and Safety, 17-30 (recommended)
PB 32: Making Historic Buildings Accessible
PB 14: New Exterior Additions
PB 18: Rehabilitating Interiors
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
FEMA Environmental, Historic Preservation, and Cultural Resources Programs
Heritage Preservation: emergency preparedness information resources
ACHP/Federal Emergency Management Agency Model Statewide Programmatic Agreement
Heritage Preservation/FEMA Heritage Emergency National Task Force
Accessibility for Historic Buildings: A Field Guide (7.7MB pdf)
2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design
NEA Accessibility Planning and Resource Guide for Cultural Administrators
Fire & Building Safety Code Compliance for Historic Buildings: A Field Guide (10.2 MB pdf)
Flame Spread Performance of Wood Products
International Existing Building Code
Vermont Fire & Building Safety Code
Vermont Flood Guide: Preparation, Response & Recovery
14. Structural and Seismic Issues
Student presentations & discussion
Professional practice and career development strategies in architectural conservation
Assignment 4 Interior Assessment due
PB 41 The Seismic Retrofit of Historic Buildings
Keeping Preservation in the Forefront
Architectural issues in the seismic rehabilitation of masonry buildings
USGS Earthquake Hazards Program
Course goals, assignments and expectations
- This final semester course emphasizes professional and academic applications of architectural conservation and historic preservation research and technical skills through a series of seminars, site visits, research projects and written reports. The goal is prepare students for the world of professional practice by simulating typical activities, schedules, and research questions that may be presented to a historic preservation professional. Another goal of the course is to help develop knowledge and skills in the areas of project management, as well as an understanding of how various components of heritage preservation projects and professional services interact.
- In order to develop the ability to efficiently evaluate situations, obtain information, and conduct research in the field, laboratory and archives, the course assignments are based on a series of conservation assessment projects that are to be completed within the prescribed allotment of time. Plan your research and preparation time carefully. Be prepared for the unforeseen!
- Each student is to complete a series of projects, described below, that assess the condition and provide treatment recommendations for the conservation of various historic building components and systems. This should not be the same building used for projects in other courses. Numerous visits to the project building may be required, so it should be easily accessible. If you would like to discuss options for suitable project buildings, please check with the professor before Assignment 1 is submitted.
- Each project should be submitted as a professional bound report. The reports should be thoroughly proof-read and follow a professional format and include information, observations, illustrations, measured drawings, sketch plans, charts, tables, proper credits and notes (see Chicago Manual of Style). The project reports should be illustrated with digital images or scanned photographs and annotated drawings of the features being researched. Illustrations should have numbered descriptive captions with sources identified. Projects and reports are to be completed individually.
- To supplement the class lectures and assigned readings, plan to conduct additional research on your own through web sites, articles, trade journals, and books in the library, as well as through interviews and site visits. A HP 307 course reserve shelf in Wheeler 103 will offer background articles and other printed information.
- Course log book. Students are encouraged to record field observations, questions, references, site sketches and other information in a course log book. Log books could also include your research notes, field notes, sketches and laboratory observations for your projects.
- The class lectures, site visits and seminar discussions are all important parts of this course. Attendance is expected at all unless due to a medical reason or an emergency.
- If you cannot attend a class due to illness or emergency, please contact the professor in advance if possible by email or by telephoning the History Department at 802-656-3180. Also please contact the professor as soon as possible to arrange any make-up work or to request any extensions due to circumstances beyond your control. There will be no incomplete course grades for this course except with the Graduate College Dean's approval for reasons beyond a student's control.
- Cellphones should be turned off during all classes. Computers and digital devices should only be used for class-related business during lectures and labs. No texting, e-mailing, web-browsing or other distractive activities should be done during lectures or site visits.
- Assignments are due at the beginning of class on the date specified.
Assignment 1 - Proposal
Develop a formal proposal for your architectural conservation assessment survey project. In addition to a formal cover letter, provide a separate proposal that includes the following information:
The criteria for grading your proposal will be how effectively it communicates your plan for the project in a professional manner.
Assignment 2 - Window and Door Assessment
Conduct a window survey of exterior windows and doors on an historic building. For each window and door, document the location, design, and features. Assess the condition and functionality of each visible component feature that you can access directly or from observation from the outside. Determine the causes of deterioration or malfunctions. Offer appropriate treatment recommendations to the extent of your expertise and qualifications. The window survey report may use as a guide the outline at http://www.uvm.edu/histpres/307/windowsurveys.html . Include in the final report annotated measured sketch drawings of the building elevations and of each type of window and door. Condense information into tables and charts if possible. These drawings should be bound into the report. Also include images of all windows and doors surveyed.
Assignment 3 - Exterior Assessment
Conduct an exterior envelope assessment of the roofs, walls, features and foundation of an historic building. Select a building for which you will access to both the interior of the basement and the exterior of the foundation, the exterior walls, and for which you can clearly see the roof from the ground or adjacent buildings. For safety reasons, this project is to be done without the use of ladders and without directly accessing on the roof.
Document the materials, construction techniques, design, and features of the exterior envelope and the foundation. Assess the conditions and determine the causes of deterioration. Also document the materials, construction techniques, design, and features of the roofing and flashings. Based on your observations from the ground and from inside the building, assess the conditions and determine the causes of deterioration. Offer appropriate treatment recommendations with estimates of the urgency of any repairs to the extent of your expertise and qualifications. Condense information into tables and charts if possible. Include in the final bound report annotated measured drawings or annotated digital images of all the exterior wall and foundation elevations and at least one representative basement wall from the inside. Also include annotated digital images of the roof as can be gathered from the ground or adjacent buildings. Provide specific information on any recommended replacement products or treatment materials in an appendix.
Assignment 4 - Interior Assessment
Conduct an assessment of the accessible spaces on the interior of an historic building. For each significant character defining feature (including ceilings, walls, wallpapers, wall coverings, floorings or floor coverings, stairways, built-in features, cabinetry and mechanical and electrical components) document the feature and its materials, installation techniques, design, function and details. If historic, estimate its age. Assess the conditions and determine the causes of deterioration or malfunctions to the extent of your expertise and qualifications. Conduct an IR assessment of at least one interior space. Offer appropriate preservation treatment recommendations with estimates of the urgency of any repairs. Also discuss potential strategies to improve the energy conservation performance of the buildings. Condense information into tables and charts if possible. Include annotated digital images in the final bound report. Provide specific information on any recommended replacement products or treatment materials in an appendix.
Travel Grant Scholarships
Historic preservation graduate students enrolled in HP 307 are eligible to apply for a travel grant scholarship to help with expenses incurred to attend a professional architectural conservation and historic preservation conference or workshop during the fall semester.
- a. Grant Request: To apply, each student should submit a written grant request (1 to 3 pages) that identifies the professional architectural conservation and historic preservation conference, symposium, or workshop to be attended. The application must be submitted in class at least two weeks in advance of any travel. The grant request should be written in the form of a professional business letter addressed to the HP 307 professor with the title of the conference, the name of the sponsoring organization, the travel schedule, and a proposed expense budget. Travel grants of up to $500 for allowable expenses per student may be applied for this scholarship support. Allowable expenses may also include conference fees. According to University and federal policies, these research travel grants will be considered scholarships and will be processed according to University accounting procedures discussed at http://www.uvm.edu/policies/acct/scholarships.pdf and http://www.uvm.edu/policies/acct/scholarfaq.htm Also, transportation and accommodation expenses may be allowed if the place chosen is at least 100 miles away from Burlington and if the travel is done primarily to attend a historic preservation conference or workshop. Meals, beverages, side trips, and supplies expenses will not be reimbursed. All travel and lodging arrangements and liabilities are the responsibility of each student. Travel arrangements must not conflict with any scheduled classes or teaching assistantship responsibilities.
- b. Travel Grant Completion Reports: Completion reports are required to be submitted to the professor for all travel grant recipients within one week of return from travel. These will then be reviewed and forwarded with a request to initiate payments through the University of Vermont as scholarships. This process of review for possible scholarship reimbursement may take a month or more. If completion reports are not submitted by three weeks before the last class in the semester, the grant will be forfeited.
The following information is to be included in the grant report:
1. A letter of acknowledgement
2. The actual travel itinerary including names and addresses of the conferences or training workshops attended
3. An expense accounting on a travel form that meets the requirements of the UVM Accounting Department with original receipts attached for all reimbursable expenses.
- c. Class Presentation: Each student who receives a travel grant scholarship will be responsible for making a 10 minute presentation about what was learned. This will be presented in a HP 307 class according to the syllabus schedule.
Grades on assignments will reflect the quality of the work and its professional appearance and organization.
Grades in the "A" range will reflect work that has achieved a professional level of expectations in the preservation field.
Grades in the "B" range will reflect work that would require additional work to be well-received by a client or supervisor.
Grades below "B" will reflect professionally unacceptable work that could be rejected by a client or supervisor or could diminish one's professional reputation. Course grades will be computed as follows:
|Assignment 1 Proposal
|Assignment 2 Windows & Doors
|Assignment 3 Exterior
|Assignment 4 Interior
Weaver, Martin. Conserving Buildings. New York: John Wiley. 1997.
Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service
Preservation Briefs, National Park Service
Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties, National Park Service
Feilden, Bernard. Conservation of Historic Buildings. Architectural Press. 2003.
Young, Robert A. Historic Preservation Technology. New York: John Wiley. 2008.
Recommended readings and references
Fischetti, David. Structural Investigation of Historic Buildings: A Case Study Guide to Preservation Technology for Buildings, Bridges, Towers and Mills. Wiley. 2009.
Fitch, James Marston. Historic Preservation. Charlottesville: Univ. of Virginia Press. 1992. Garvin, James. A Building History of Northern New England. Hanover: Univ. Press of New England. 2001.
Green, Sara Wolf, ed. The Conservation Assessment. Washington: National Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Property. 1990.
Jandl, H. Ward, ed. The Technology of Historic American Buildings. Washington: APT. 1983.
Jester, Thomas C. Twentieth-Century Building Materials. Washington, D. C.: National Park Service. 1995.
Klemisch, Jürgen. Maintenance of Historic Buildings: A Practical Handbook. Dorset, UK: Donhead Publications. 2011.
Moss, Roger. Lighting for Historic Buildings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1988.
Nylander, Richard. Wallpapers for Historic Buildings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1992. Rosenstiel, Helene. Floor Coverings for Historic Buildings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1988.
Shivers, Natalie. Walls & Moldings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1990.
Spennemann, Dirk H. R., and Look, David W., ed. Disaster Management Programs for Historic Sites. San Francisco: National Park Service. 1998.
Stubbs, John. Time Honored: A Global View of Architectural Conservation. Wiley. 2009.
Visser, Thomas. Various examples of Architectural Conservation Assessment professional reports Waite, Diana S. Ornamental Ironwork. Albany: Mount Ida Press. 1990.
Weaver, Martin. Conserving Buildings. New York: John Wiley. 1997. Welchel, Harriet, ed. Caring for Your Historic House. Heritage Preservation and National Park Service, ed. New York: Abrams. 1998.
Additional online resources
APT Bulletin (Off-campus access to JStor through UVM Library)
Preservation Education & Research | PER Journal
Conservation Principles for the Sustainable Management of the Historic Environment
Standards for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada
Interpreting the Standards Bulletins
Building Technology Heritage Library
©UVM Historic Preservation Program
Last updated: November 18, 2013