HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROGRAM
HP 307 ARCHITECTURAL CONSERVATION II
Tuesdays 1:00 - 3:45 PM, Wheeler House, Room 101
Prof. Thomas Visser, Wheeler 207, email: email@example.com
Course web site http://www.uvm.edu/histpres/307/hp307syl2011.html
Conservation and preservation philosophy
Charters, standards and treatment recommendations
Preservation consulting, project proposal development and cost estimates
Architectural conservation assessments
Historic structures reports
- Weaver: Chapter 1, Introduction
Young: Chapter 1, Overview, 1-16
PB 17: Architectural Character
PB 43: The Preparation and Use of Historic Structres Reports
NPS-28: CULTURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT GUIDELINE/ CHAPTER 8: MANAGEMENT OF HISTORIC AND PREHISTORIC STRUCTURES
HABS Historical Reports Guidelines
California State Parks - Historic Building Condition Assessment
- George Rogers Clark Memorial HSR
- Conservation of Historic Public Landmarks
- Site visit: Vermont State House, Montpelier, VT
Weaver: Chapter 2, Investigating Old Buildings, 3-11
James Duggan, Principal & Chief Master Craftsman - Preservation Unlimited LLC
David Schutz, Curator of State Buildings
Windows & doors
Wooden windows and glass
Window energy efficiency issues
Window & door surveys
Window and door conservation strategies
Non-wooden windows conservation and preservation issues
Stained glass window conservation
Assignment 1 Proposal due
Weaver: Chapter 11 Architectural Glass, 232-238
Young: Chapter 10, Windows, 199-220
Young, Chapter 15, Art and Stained Glass, 289-302
Window surveys template
Secretary Standards & Guidelines - Windows
PB 9: Repair of Historic Wooden Windows
PB 44: The Use of Awnings on Historic Buildings Repair, Replacement & New Design
Efficiency Vermont, VDHP, PTV- Home energy saving information
Testing the Energy Performance of Wood Windows in Cold Climates- NCPTT
English Heritage - Sash windows: Why the are worth keeping
Burlington Window Catalogue (1940)
- PB 13: Steel Windows
- PB 33: Stained and Leaded Glass
Roofing, flashing and gutters
Foundations, dampness & drainage
Weaver, Chapter 13, Restoring Slate Roofing, 249-253
Young, Chapter 8, Roofing, 155-174
Young, Chapter 12, Storefronts, 239-252
TPS Metals #2: Restoring Metal Roof Cornices
PB 34: Composition Ornament
PB 4: Roofing for Historic Buildings
PB 19: Repair of Wooden Shingle Roofs
PB 29: Slate Roofs
PB 30: Clay Tile Roofs
Young, Chapter 3, Building Pathology, 31-44
Weaver, Chapter 12, Foundations and Footings, 239-248
PB 43: The Preparation and Use of Historic Structure Reports
Conservation Assessment Program: Handbook for Assessors
PB 39: Controlling Unwanted Moisture in Historic Buildings
Managing Moisture in Your Historic House
- Architectural metals
- Weaver, Chapter 9, Architectural metalwork, 175-215
Young, Chapter 7, Architectural Metals, 131 - 154
NPS metals - preservation guidelines
TPS Metals #3 In-Kind Replacement of Historic Stamped Metal Exterior Siding
TPS Metals #4 Rehabilitating a Historic Iron Bridge
- Save Outdoor Sculpture!
- Lustron On-line (pdf)
- Parks Canada - Architectural Metals Rehabilitation Guidelines
| Oct. 4
- Preventative Conservation
Emergency stabilization and mothballing
Young, Chapter 9, Exterior Wall Cladding, 175-198
Feilden: Chapter 16, Preventative maintenance, 235-250
Visser, Thomas. "A Primer on Conservation Assessments and Emergency Stabilization for Historic Farm Buildings." Association for Preservation Technology Bulletin 25, no. 3-4 (1994): 64-69. (JSTOR)
PB 31: Mothballing
Assignment 2 Window & Door Assessment due
||HP Internship Presentations - 8:30 - 12:30
Billings - North Lounge
| Oct. 11
Conservation issues and conservation assessments for museums and historic sites
Architectural conservation assessments and historic structures reports for museums and institutions
Conservation Assessment Program (CAP)
Historic New England: Condition Assessments
New Orleans Charter
Conservation in a Museum Context
Site visit: Shelburne Museum
Conservation lab, collections care
Meet at 1:00 PM at Shelburne Museum Conservation Lab, Route 7, Shelburne, VT. Parking lot is on east side, opposite the covered bridge.
Guest: Richard Kerschner, Shelburne Museum
Weaver: Chapter 14, Synthetic Resins, 254-259
Conservation in a Museum Context (continued)
Site visit: Shelburne Museum
Environmental management and collections care
Meet at 1:00 PM at Shelburne Museum Conservation Lab, Route 7, Shelburne, VT.
Guests: Nancie Ravenel, Chip Stulen, Shelburne Museum
| Nov. 1
Sustainability and "The Green Issue"
Energy efficiency and HVAC issues in historic buildings
"Green" building conservation
Sick Building syndrome
- Young, Chapter 19, HVAC systems, 353-364
LEED Existing Buildings
Young, Chapter 20, Building Service Systems, 365-376
Young, Chapter 21, Lighting and Electrical Systems, 377-288
Young, Chapter 11, Entrances and Porches, 221-238
Young: Chapter 22, Sustainability, 389- 401
- Pocantico Proclamation on Sustainability and Historic Preservation - National Trust for Historic Preservation
- English Heritage: Climate Change and Your Home
National Institute of Building Sciences: Sustainable Historic Preservation Guidelines
NREL: Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts
- Parks Canada - Standards and Guidelines for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada - (Sustainability Considerations see page 144)
- NREL-Implementing Solar PV Projects on Historic Buildings and in Historic Districts
- National Park Service - PB 3 Conserving Energy in Historic Buildings
- PB 24: Heating, Ventilating, and Cooling
- Weatherization Guide to Older and Historic Buildings - NTHP
- EPA "A Brief Guide to Mold, Moisture, and Your Home"
- EPA Sick Building Syndrome
| Nov. 8
Mechanical & electrical equipment issues
- Lead paint hazard mitigation and historic preservation
- Solvents, strippers, adhesives & preservatives
Assignment 3 Exterior Envelope (Walls, Features, Foundation, and Roof) Assessment due
EPA Renovation, Repair and Painting Rules
EPA Lead in Paint, Dust and Soil
EPA Chromated Copper Arsenate (CCA)
Beyond Pesticides CCA Fact Sheet
OSHA methylene chloride
CMHC Moisture and Mold
CMHC Fighting Asthma in Your House
Lead Poisoning Prevention Fact Sheets
Lead Safe Vermont Essential Maintenance Practices
Lead and bisphenol A
concentrations in the
Flooring & floor coverings
Weaver: Chapter 15 Historic Wallpapers, 260-264
Eaton's Wallpapers Catalogue (1938)
Young, Chapter 13, Floors, 255-270
Young, Chapter 14, Walls and Ceilings, 271-288
Armstrong Linoleum Catalogue (1940)
||8:30 - 12:30 PM Wheeler 103
Code Compliance for Historic Buildings
Fire and life safety strategies
ADA and accessibility strategies
Emergency management and preparedness
Feilden: Chapter 17, Fire, 251-260 (on reserve)
Young, Chapter 2, Health and Safety, 17-30
PB 32: Making Historic Buildings Accessible
PB 14: New Exterior Additions
PB 18: Rehabilitating Interiors
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
FEMA Environmental, Historic Preservation, and Cultural Resources Programs
FEMA / NCPTT Damage Assessment Tools
Heritage Preservation: emergency preparedness information resources
ACHP/Federal Emergency Management Agency Model Statewide Programmatic Agreement
Heritage Preservation/FEMA Heritage Emergency National Task Force
Accessibility for Historic Buildings: A Field Guide (7.7MB pdf)
Fire & Building Safety Code Compliance for Historic Buildings: A Field Guide (10.2 MB pdf)
Flame Spread Performance of Wood Products
Structural and seismic issues
Professional practice, ethics and career development in architectural conservation
Assignment 4 Interior Assessment due
PB 41 The Seismic Retrofit of Historic Buildings
Keeping Preservation in the Forefront
USGS Earthquake Hazards
USGS Earthquake Probability Interactive Viewer
AIC Code of Ethics and Guidelines for Practice
Canadian Association of Heritage Professionals
Burra Charter/ Australia ICOMOS
Course goals, assignments and expectations
- This final semester course emphasizes professional and academic applications of architectural conservation and historic preservation research and technical skills through a series of seminars, site visits, research projects and written reports. The goal is prepare students for the world of professional practice by simulating typical activities, schedules, and research questions that may be presented to a historic preservation professional. Another goal of the course is to help develop knowledge and skills in the areas of project management, as well as an understanding of how various components of heritage preservation projects and professional services interact.
- In order to develop the ability to efficiently evaluate situations, obtain information, and conduct research in the field, laboratory and archives, the course assignments are based on a series of conservation assessment projects that are to be completed within the prescribed allotment of time. Plan your research and preparation time carefully. Be prepared for the unforeseen!
- Each student is to complete a series of projects, described below, that assess the condition and provide treatment recommendations for the conservation of various historic building components and systems. This should not be the same building used for projects in other courses. Numerous visits to the project building may be required, so it should be easily accessible. If you would like to discuss options for suitable project buildings, please check with the professor before Assignment 1 is submitted.
- Each project should be submitted as a professional bound report. The reports should be thoroughly proof-read and follow a professional format and include information, observations, illustrations, measured drawings, sketch plans, charts, tables, proper credits and notes (see Chicago Manual of Style). The project reports should be illustrated with digital images or scanned photographs and annotated drawings of the features being researched. Illustrations should have numbered descriptive captions with sources identified. Projects and reports are to be completed individually.
- To supplement the class lectures and assigned readings, plan to conduct additional research on your own through web sites, articles, trade journals, and books in the library, as well as through interviews and site visits. A HP 307 course reserve shelf in Wheeler 103 will offer background articles and other printed information.
- Course log book. Students are encouraged to record field observations, questions, references, site sketches and other information in a course log book. Log books could also include your research notes, field notes, sketches and laboratory observations for your projects.
- The class lectures, site visits and seminar discussions are all important parts of this course. Attendance is expected at all unless due to a medical reason or an emergency.
- If you cannot attend a class due to illness or emergency, please contact the professor in advance if possible by email or by telephoning the History Department at 802-656-3180. Also please contact the professor as soon as possible to arrange any make-up work or to request any extensions due to circumstances beyond your control. There will be no incomplete course grades for this course except with the Graduate College Dean's approval for reasons beyond a student's control.
- Cellphones should be turned off during all classes. Computers and digital devices should only be used for class-related business during lectures and labs. No texting, e-mailing, web-browsing or other distractive activities should be done during lectures or site visits.
- Assignments are due at the beginning of class on the date specified.
Assignment 1 - Proposal
Develop a formal proposal for your architectural conservation assessment survey project. In addition to a formal cover letter, provide a separate proposal that includes the following information:
The criteria for grading your proposal will be how effectively it communicates your plan for the project in a professional manner.
Assignment 2 - Window and Door Assessment
Conduct a window survey of the exterior windows and doors on an historic building. For each window and door, document the location, design, and features. Assess the condition and functionality of each visible component feature that you can access directly or from observation from the outside. Determine the causes of deterioration or malfunctions. Offer appropriate treatment recommendations to the extent of your expertise and qualifications. The window survey report may use as a guide the outline at http://www.uvm.edu/histpres/307/windowsurveys.html . Include in the final report annotated measured sketch drawings of the building elevations and of each type of window and door. Condense information into tables and charts if possible. These drawings should be bound into the report. Also include images of all windows and doors surveyed.
Assignment 3 - Exterior Assessment
Conduct an exterior envelope assessment of the roofs, walls, features and foundation of an historic building. Select a building for which you will access to both the interior of the basement and the exterior of the foundation, the exterior walls, and for which you can clearly see the roof from the ground or adjacent buildings. For safety reasons, this project is to be done without the use of ladders and without directly accessing on the roof.
Document the materials, construction techniques, design, and features of the exterior envelope and the foundation. Assess the conditions and determine the causes of deterioration. Also document the materials, construction techniques, design, and features of the roofing and flashings. Based on your observations from the ground and from inside the building, assess the conditions and determine the causes of deterioration. Offer appropriate treatment recommendations with estimates of the urgency of any repairs to the extent of your expertise and qualifications. Condense information into tables and charts if possible. Include in the final bound report annotated measured drawings or annotated digital images of all the exterior wall and foundation elevations and at least one representative basement wall from the inside. Also include annotated digital images of the roof as can be gathered from the ground or adjacent buildings. Provide specific information on any recommended replacement products or treatment materials in an appendix.
Assignment 4 - Interior Assessment
Conduct an assessment of the accessible spaces on the interior of an historic building. For each significant character defining feature (including ceilings, walls, wallpapers, wall coverings, floorings or floor coverings, stairways, built-in features, cabinetry and mechanical and electrical components) document the feature and its materials, installation techniques, design, function and details. If historic, estimate its age. Assess the conditions and determine the causes of deterioration or malfunctions to the extent of your expertise and qualifications. Offer appropriate preservation treatment recommendations with estimates of the urgency of any repairs. Also discuss potential strategies to improve the energy conservation performance of the buildings. Condense information into tables and charts if possible. Include annotated digital images in the final bound report. Provide specific information on any recommended replacement products or treatment materials in an appendix.
Grades on assignments will reflect the quality of the work and its professional appearance and organization.
Grades in the "A" range will reflect work that has achieved a professional level of expectations in the preservation field.
Grades in the "B" range will reflect work that would require additional work to be well-received by a client or supervisor.
Grades below "B" will reflect professionally unacceptable work that could be rejected by a client or supervisor or could diminish one's professional reputation. Course grades will be computed as follows:
|Assignment 1 Proposal
|Assignment 2 Windows & Doors
|Assignment 3 Exterior
|Assignment 4 Interior
Weaver, Martin. Conserving Buildings. New York: John Wiley. 1997.
Young, Robert A. Historic Preservation Technology. New York: John Wiley. 2008.
Preservation Briefs. National Park Service.
Secretary of the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties. National Park Service.
Recommended readings and references
- APT Preservation Technology Primer, 2008.
- Feilden, Bernard. Conservation of Historic Buildings. Architectural Press. 2003.
- Fischetti, David. Structural Investigation of Historic Buildings: A Case Study Guide to Preservation Technology for Buildings, Bridges, Towers and Mills. Wiley. 2009.
Fitch, James Marston. Historic Preservation. Charlottesville: Univ. of Virginia Press. 1992.
- Garvin, James. A Building History of Northern New England. Hanover: Univ. Press of New England. 2001.
- Green, Sara Wolf, ed. The Conservation Assessment. Washington: National Institute for the Conservation of Cultural Property. 1990.
- Jandl, H. Ward, ed. The Technology of Historic American Buildings. Washington: APT. 1983.
- Jester, Thomas C. Twentieth-Century Building Materials. Washington, D. C.: National Park Service. 1995.
Klemisch, Jürgen. Maintenance of Historic Buildings: A Practical Handbook. Dorset, UK: Donhead Publications. 2011.
Moss, Roger. Lighting for Historic Buildings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1988.
- Nylander, Richard. Wallpapers for Historic Buildings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1992.
- Rosenstiel, Helene. Floor Coverings for Historic Buildings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1988.
- Shivers, Natalie. Walls & Moldings. Washington: Preservation Press. 1990.
- Spennemann, Dirk H. R., and Look, David W., ed. Disaster Management Programs for Historic Sites. San Francisco: National Park Service. 1998.
- Stubbs, John. Time Honored: A Global View of Architectural Conservation. Wiley. 2009.
Visser, Thomas. Various examples of Architectural Conservation Assessment professional reports
- Waite, Diana S. Ornamental Ironwork. Albany: Mount Ida Press. 1990.
- Weaver, Martin. Conserving Buildings. New York: John Wiley. 1997. Chapters not assigned.
- Welchel, Harriet, ed. Caring for Your Historic House. Heritage Preservation and National Park Service, ed. New York: Abrams. 1998.
Additional online resources
- APT Bulletin (accessible by JStor through UVM Library)
- Preservation Education & Research | PER Journal
- Athens Charter
Nara Document on Authenticity
Conservation Principles for the Sustainable Management of the Historic Environment
Standards for the Conservation of Historic Places in Canada
Interpreting the Standards Bulletins
- Building Technology Heritage Library
©UVM Historic Preservation Program
November 29, 2011