Northwest Crops and Soils Program : University of Vermont
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Grains

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Intro to Grains | Updates | Articles | Reports | Workshop & Conference Proceedings

Wheat Projects | Soybeans | Other Grain Projects | Related Sites | Listen | Videos | Photos

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INTRODUCTION TO GRAINS

Vermont farmers have been growing grains for animal feed on dairy farms for years. Our goal is to give them the information they need to be able to grow higher yielding and quality grains. It is our hope that the information generated will result in the production of more nutritious feed for livestock and/or the ability for farmers to produce grains for human consumption.

Over the past few years there has been increasing demand for locally grown grains of all types. Vermont has not been a hub for grain production since the 1800s. Therefore, much of the local knowledge and infrastructure has been lost. The UVM Extension Crops and Soils Team has been collaborating with the Northern Grain Growers Association to rebuild a grain industry in Vermont. Many applied research and outreach programs are being developed to meet the needs of both commercial farmers and small scale homesteaders. Our Cereal Grain Quality Testing Laboratory helps farmers assess and maintain the quality of their grains.

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NEW

The UVM Cereal Grain Testing Laboratory will be closing on March 15, 2014 so that we can prepare for the upcoming field season! If you have samples you would like analyzed before July, please send them to us by March 15th. Payment and a completed Cereal Submission Form must accompany all request sent in. Click here for the Cereal Submission Form or visit the Lab website for more information. The lab will reopen on July 1, 2014. Thank you!

Hops Quality Analysis is now available at the UVM Lab as well. You can test for Brewing Values (BV’s) which determines Alpha acids, Beta acids and Hops Storage Index (HSI).
Payment and a completed Submission Form must accompany all request please.
Click here for the Hops Analysis Submission Form.

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ARTICLES

Bake Testing of Vermont Grown Wheat (pdf) by Randy George, Red Hen Baking Co. Middlesex, VT

Learn How to Build Your Own Flour Mill and Sifter (pdf)

Growing Organic Small Grains in the Northeast (pdf) by R. Kersbergen, E. Mallory, & T. Molloy

In early Vermont, grain was more than food (pdf) by Mark Bushnell

Top Ten Factors to Consider Before Growing Grains (pdf)

Fusarium Head Blight Alert 2009 (pdf)

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REPORTS

2013 Reports

  • 2013 Danish Barley Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Spring Barley Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Winter Barley Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 The Effects of Topdressing Nitrogen on Hard Red Winter Wheat (pdf)
  • 2013 Flax Planting Date Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Flax Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Flax Weed Control Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Heirloom Spring Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Heirloom Winter Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Oats Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Small Grain Forage Trial: Nitrogen Fertility x Harvest Date (pdf)
  • 2013 Small Grain Forage Trial: Species x Harvest Date (pdf)
  • 2013 On-Farm Spring Wheat Breeding Trials (pdf)
  • 2013 Organic Spring Wheat Planting Date Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Organic Spring Wheat Seeding Rate Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Organic Spring Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Organic Winter Wheat Planting Date Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Organic Winter Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)
  • 2013 Vermont Organic Silage Corn Performance Trial Results (pdf)
  • 2012 Reports

    2012 Small Grain Forage Report (pdf)

    2012 Small Grain Forage Fertility Report (pdf)

    2012 Spring Barley Variety Trial (pdf)

    2012 Winter Barley Variety Trial (pdf)

    2012 Spring Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)

    2012 Winter Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)

    2012 Heirloom Spring Wheat Trial (pdf)

    2012 Heirloom Winter Wheat Trial (pdf)

    2012 Oat Variety Report (pdf)

    2012 Organic Spring Wheat Seeding Rate Trial (pdf)

    2012 Organic Spring Wheat Planting Date Trial (pdf)

    2012 Organic Winter Wheat Planting Date Trial (pdf)

    2012 Organic Spring Wheat Weed Control Strategies (pdf)

    2012 Vermont On-Farm Spring Wheat Breeding Trials (pdf)

    2012 Effects of Topdressing Organic Nitrogen (pdf)

    2011 Reports

    Wheat Planting Date, 2011 (pdf)

    Oat Variety Trial, 2011 (pdf)

    The Effects of Topdressing Organic Nitrogen on Hard Red Winter Wheat, 2011 (pdf)

    Barley Variety Trials, 2011 (pdf)

    2011 Heirloom Spring Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)

    Spring Wheat Variety Trial, 2011 (pdf)

    2011 Spring Wheat Weed Control Strategies (pdf)

    2011 Winter Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)

    2011 Winter Wheat Harvest Date Trial (pdf)

    2010 Reports
    2010 Heirloom Wheat Report (pdf)

    2010 Spring Barley Variety Trial (pdf)

    2010 Spring Wheat Variety Trial (pdf)

    2010 Organic Nitrogen Topdressing of Winter Wheat (pdf)

    2010 Winter Wheat Harvest Date Trial Report (pdf)

    2010 Winter Wheat Trial Report (pdf)

    2009 Wheat Trial Report (pdf)

    2009 Barley and Oat Trial Report (pdf)

    2009 Vermont Food-Grade Soybean Performance Trial Results (pdf)


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    WORKSHOP & CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS

    GOING THE WHOLE GRAIN 2010 NGGA CONFERENCE

    Keynote : Health Trinity: Healthy Soil=Healthy Plants=Healthy Planet (pdf) by Paul Hepperly, Fulbright Scholar

    Local Grain Research (pdf) by Dr. Heather Darby, UVM Extension Agronomist and Nutrient Management Specialist

    From Field to Glass: Brewing Beer with Local Grains (pdf) by Andrea and Christian Stanley, Valley Malt

    Mycotoxin Analysis, a Resource for Vermont Grain Growers by Ann Hazelrigg, UVM Plant Diagnostic Clinic

    Grain Quality Testing, New Services Offered Through UVM Extension by Erica Cummings, UVM Extension

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    WHEAT PROJECTS

    The demand for local organic food is increasing throughout Vermont. Vermont millers and bakers cannot find enough locally grown organic wheat to meet the rising demand, and that which is available often does not meet the higher quality standards for bread production. Our area farmers have long grown grains for animal feed on dairy farms, but they lack local knowledge and research information on how to produce grains for the bread market using organic methods. We aim to enhance the capacity of farmers to produce high quality organic wheat to meet the increasing demand from local millers, bakers, and ultimately consumers. Over a three year period, beginning October 2009, we will conduct research that will explore the affects of planting and harvest dates on disease and weed incidence as well as wheat yield and flour quality. In addition, a variety of outreach materials and programs will be developed to transfer new knowledge to producers. This project will increase farmers’ ability to produce bread wheat for an expanding high-value market. In doing so, it will contribute to the long-term profitability and sustainability of organic agriculture and farms in areas like Vermont where farmers do not have the land base to compete on the commodity scale.

    HEIRLOOM WHEAT PROJECT
    In 2007 Jack Lazor of Butterworks Farm, in collaboration with Dr. Darby, received a Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education (SARE) Farmer partnership grant in order to develop a Vermont Farmers Breeding Club.
    This project had two major components:

    1. To determine which of the heirloom spring wheat varieties out of the 18 obtained grew well in Vermont and to increase seed populations for these varieties.

    2. To acquire wheat breeding skills and techniques in order to cross different varieties to create new wheat breeds.

    READ THE HEIRLOOM WHEAT REPORT (Link to Jack Lazor’s Report)

    heirloom_wheat

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    SOYBEANS

    VERMONT SOY PROJECT
    Recently several new value-added soy businesses have opened in Vermont. These food ventures are looking to purchase high quality food-grade soybeans for tofu, tempeh, and soymilk production. In the past most soybeans grown in Vermont have been used for cattle feed. The need for evaluating potential food-grade soybean varieties for our region was addressed in the hopes of finding a variety that can cope with our climate, while balancing yield and quality. Also studied were cultivation variations or specific requirements pertaining to food-grade production. Variety trials have been conducted around the state of Vermont for the last 3 years.

    Please see our soybean reports from 2007, 2008, and 2009:

    2009 Vermont Food-Grade Soybean Performance Trial Results (pdf)

    2008 Vermont Food-Grade Soybean Performance Trial Results (pdf)

    2007 Soybean Trial Results (pdf)

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    OTHER GRAIN PROJECTS

    Small Grains:

    Vermont farmers have been growing grains for animal feed on dairy farms for years. Our goal has been to give them the information they need to be able to grow higher yielding and quality grains. It is our hope that the information generated will result in the production of more nutritious feed for livestock and/or the ability for farmers to produce grains for human consumption.

    (Link to 2008 Small Grain Report)

    Malting Barley:
    We have been asked on many occasions by local brewers and distillers whether barley grown in Vermont could meet malting quality standards. This growing season we decided to try. We planted several varieties of winter and spring malting barley in a random block replicated trial at Borderview Farm in Alburgh VT. Take a look at the 2011 Winter Barley Variety Trial Report (pdf).

    Learn How to Build Your Own Flour Mill and Sifter (pdf)
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    RELATED SITES

    Northern Grain Growers Association

    Northern New England Local Bread Wheat Project

    Mount Vernon Northwestern Washington Research and Extension Center- Plant Breeding

    Southern Oregon Extension and Research Center- Growing Grains on a Small Farm

    Oregon State University Wheat Trials Data

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    LISTEN

    Click here to listen to “Vermont Grains”, an interview with Jack Lazor & Heather Darby aired on VPR’s Vermont Edition on August 18, 2009.

    Click here to listen to “Farmers work to bring grains back to Vermont”, an interview with Heather Darby and Jack Lazor aired on VPR News  on August 18, 2009.

    Click here to listen to “Farmers learn about different crops”, VPR’s John Dillon reports from our Research Field Days on August 7, 2009.
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    VIDEOS








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    PHOTOS





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