University of Vermont

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Vermont's 2010 Census Total Released

State Census totals reveal growth in VT and affect apportionment in other states

Vermont's resident population on April 1, 2010, as measured by the U.S. Census Bureau, is 625,741 persons.  This will be our state’s 2010 Census population number.  This represents 2.8% growth from our 2000 Census population of 608,827.  It is apparent that Vermont's population growth is slowing.  Our growth rate between 1990 and 2000 was 8.2%, and our average decennial growth rate between 1960 and 1990 was 14.8%.  The Vermont 2000-2010 growth rate is the lowest since the state posted negative gains between the 1930 and 1940 Censuses, a period which included most of the Great Depression.  It is likely that the state-to-state migration that has been adding noticeably to Vermont's population since 1960 is beginning to ebb.

How We Compare:
Vermont will end up continuing to be the second smallest state behind Wyoming (563,626 persons), and we rank 44th in rate of growth between 2000 and 2010.  The entire United States grew by 9.7% between 2000 and 2010.  The U.S. population on April 1, 2010 is 308,745,538.

Congressional Apportionment:
Vermont's APPORTIONMENT population, which includes those serving overseas in the military, is 630,337.  The entire apportionment population of the United States is 309,183,463.  Obviously, apportionment is not a concern for Vermont, since our entire state's population still falls below the average representation for a U.S. House district, which will now be 710,767 persons.  Many northeast states, however, will lose one or more seats in the U.S. House of Representatives.  Texas will gain the most seats at 4.  Massachusetts lost one seat and was the only New England state to lose or gain.  Across the lake, New York State will lose 2 seats.  Nationwide re-apportionment should take effect in Congress in 2013.

Looking Ahead:
Tuesday December 21 was an exciting day and the beginning of many data releases from the 2010 Census.  We can expect data on our counties and communities in February and March of 2011, as the states begin receiving data for their own legislative redistricting efforts, including Vermont.

Also, do not forget that the Census Bureau's American Community Survey (ACS) is now the source for much of the data we used from the 2000 Census.  Outreach efforts at the Vermont State Data Center are ongoing to help Vermonters find 2010 and ACS data and learn how to use the two data sources together.

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