Week Bloom
level
Question I could answer this question well and in its entirety. I could answer this question partially or with help. I could not answer this question today.
1 2 Explain the history of the landscape between Delehanty Hall and the Winooski River
1 3 Read UTM coordinates of a point on a map
1 3 Program a GPS to find a specific point on a map using UTM coordinates
1 2 Explain how GPS works
1 3 Use a GPS to map locations in the field
1 3 Plot a GPS-derived location on a map using UTM coordinates
1 3 Measure a distance on a map
1 3 Measure a distance using GPS
1 2 Explain the UTM coordinate system
1 2 Explain the symbols on a topographic map
1 3 Read elevation from a topographic map
1 2 Understand map datums and explain why they are important
1 3 Go to a specific point in the field using a GPS
1 5 Use an example to explain how hillslopes, streams, and rivers are linked in a continuum
1 5 Using a variety of disparete field data and observations hindcast how the Burlington landscape has changed over the last 15,000 years
1 1 Give an example of how people influence landscapes
1 1 Give an example of how landscapes influence people
1 5 Use photographic images as a data source to understand landscape process, pattern, and history
2 1 Use the Learning Landscapes web site
2 5 Parse the visual content of a photograph
2 2 Explain how a hydroelectric plant works
2 2 Explain how a sewage treatment plant works
2 2 Explain how a sewage treatment plant affects a river both biotically and abiotically
2 2 Explain how a hydroelectric plant effects a river both biotically and abiotically
2 1 Give examples of how dams affect a river outside of Vermont
2 1 Give 10 examples of how rivers are used by people
2 1 Give 3 examples of how mass transfer happens in a river system
2 1 List 3 ways people have changed river function
2 1 List 3 ways people have changed river form
3 1 Identify 5 major fluvial landforms both in photographs and in the field
3 1 Recognize field and photographic evidence for past changes in river discharge
3 1 Define river stage
3 1 Define river discharge
3 1 Identify current and past uses of rivers in the field and from photographic images
3 1 Identify and describe 3 ways in which rivers impact human constructs
3 3 Knowing you are standing on a cut bank, predict where the point bar would be found
3 5 After paddling down a river, create a coherent story of its landscape based on field evidence you saw from the canoe
3 4 Describe how the Winooski River functions as a link between the land and Lake Champlain
3 3 Give 3 examples of field evidence that can be used to demonstrate that rivers are dynamic systems changing over time.
4 3 Use an autolevel to survey a stream channel
4 2 Explain how an autolevel works
4 3 Gather field and laboratory data sufficient to calculate stream discharge for water, sediment, and dissolved load
4 3 Use Manning's equation to calculate a roughness coefficient
4 2 Explain how the flux of mass down a river changes over time
4 4 Do dimensional analysis
4 5 Use a simple mathematical model to portray a complex natural system
4 3 Recognize and predict river flow patterns in the field based on channel morphology.
4 3 Identify bankful flow level in the field
4 Identify, in the field, evidence for the elevation of past floods
5 3 Identify location of now vanished mill dams in the field
5 3 Recognize sediments impounded behind mill dams
5 2 Describe the importance of woody debris in controlling sediment transport
5 2 Describe the importance of large woody debris for ecological function of streams
5 5 Use simple mapping and mathematical tools to estimate the volume of a river sediment deposit
5 3 Explain the immediate and delayed response of a river to damming.
5 3 Explain the biotic/abiotic interactions that control river behavior
5 5 Predict river response when a dam is removed after 100 years
6 4 Prepare a detailed description of a soil pit
6 1 List typical horizons found in a New England forest and soil a New England field soil
6 1 What can you do with a Munsell chart
6 3 Recognize river terraces in the field
6 1 How does differential GPS work?
6 1 Describe the most important soil-forming processes
6 1 Explain a soil chronosequence
6 5 Create a coherent river landscape history based on the landforms you observe in the field and soil development observed in pits
6 6 Predict what will happen to today's floodplain soil over time
7 3 Describe past and present landscape features captured in photographs
7 3 Infer active landscape-changing processes by analyzing photographs
7 3 Date photographs using cultural and landscape clues
7 5 Recognize bridge and architecture types related to river landscapes and explain how these built forms were adapted to conditions imposed by the proximity to running water
7 5 Read the history of a river landscape from a combination of image and field observations
7 5 Identify, in images and in the field, riverside landscape features that indicate how the shape of the landscape has changed over time.
7 6 Predict, using field and image evidence, how a river at a specific place, is likely to influence people and their constructs in the future
8 5 Tell the story of a place through time using field work and historical image analysis
8 3 Teach someone how to reoccupy the site of an historic photograph and retake that photograph
9 1 Describe 4 geologic processes that erode hillslopes
9 2 Teach someone 3 ways to measure rates of hillslope erosion
9 3 Use one simple landscape variable to predict where hillslope erosion is most likely to occur.
9 3 Identify active landslides in the field
9 3 Identify the location of no-longer-active landslides using both field and photographic evidence
9 4 Use descriptions of geologic materials and the shape of the landscape to predict where future erosion is likely to occur
9 3 Describe geologic materials involved in landslides
9 1 Explain the difference between landslides and debris flows.
9 1 Explain various ways in which material eroded from hillslopes is removed from the site of erosion so that erosion can continue
9 2 Explain how the shape of the landscape is related to the processes causing erosion.
10 2 Understand the physical meaning of each variable and constant in the mathematical force balance equations describing slope stability
10 2 Program simple mathematical models into a spreadsheet
10 2 Perform and understand a sensitivity analysis
10 2 Explain the importance of water table levels in controlling slope stability
10 3 Use a simple physical model to predict the behavior of a complex natural system.
10 3 Use a sensitivity analysis to identify important parameters to measure in the field
10 4 Explain how natural and human-induced perturbations can affect slope stability.
11 3 Identify glacially deposited sediments in the field and use field clues to explain their genesis
11 2 Tell the late Pleistocene history of New England in general and the Champlain lowland specifically
11 1 Recognize striated rock in the field
11 3 Measure and use striations to infer the flow direction of now-vanished ice
11 1 Describe how Earth's climate has changed over time
11 3 Be able to recognize evidence that the landscape has responded to Earth's changing climate.
11 5 Explain how you would recognize that some landforms are relict and reflect conditions no longer active at the landform's location on Earth's surface.
11 5 Deduce a reasonable landscape history from fragmentary field, photographic, and documentatry evidence
11 6 Argue your point of view on an undecided scientific question using field evidence as well as information gathered from the scientific literature
12 3 Reconstruct a now-vanished cirque glacier using a topographic map and aerial photograph
12 3 Use map information to calculate an equilibrium line altitude (ELA)
12 3 Use ELA data to infer past changes in climate
12 3 Model a now-vanished ice sheet
12 1 Recognize a cirque and moraine on both a map and an aerial photograph
13 1 Explain how endogenic processes shape Earth's surface
13 1 Describe landforms most likely to be found in the three major plate tectonic settings
13 2 Recognize major volcanic and tectonic landforms
13 5 Predict thus the landscapes resulting from differing types (Si-content) of volcanism
13 2 Explain how landscape forming processes differ in area of silicic versus balsaltic volcanism
14 5 Prepare a professional poster to communicate research results
14 4 Describe features that would be likely to make such a poster a success with the audience
14 6 Explain how you would critique a professional poster to improve its audience impact
Bloom levels from http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/bloom.html