University of Vermont

Official 2010-2011 Catalogue Site

2010-11 Online Catalogue

Teacher Education: Secondary Education (7-12) (Bachelor of Science)


The Secondary Education Program prepares teachers to work with students with diverse needs in public school classrooms in grades 7-12. The curriculum includes general education, a major (ranging from 30 hours to 48 depending on the discipline) and a minor (strongly encouraged but not required), a professional education component, and electives.

General Requirements

Specific Requirements

A minimum of 124 approved semester hours is required for the degree. Specific requirements, including PRAXIS information, as approved by the State Department of Education, may be obtained from the CESS Student Services Office Link out of catalogue site., 528 Waterman. Program information is also available from the Secondary Education Program, 405A Waterman.

During the first two years, students concentrate on completing general education and major/minor requirements, while also taking selected course work in education. The majority of professional education course work is completed in the junior and senior years.

General Education Component: The general education courses must include the following courses.

  • English Composition and English Literature
  • Science
  • Mathematics
  • U.S. History
  • American Government (Political Science)
  • Psychology 001
  • Humanities (Philosophy, Religion, Foreign Language, or Communication Sciences 001)
  • Diversity

Academic Major and Minor Components: Students who successfully complete their Teacher Education programs are recommended for licensure with a first endorsement in their major.

Professional Education Component: By the time students begin the intensive professional education component of their program as juniors, they should have completed most of their general education requirements, have taken 9-12 credits of professional education coursework, and be well into their academic major (15-18 credits completed) and their academic minor (6-12 credits completed). Students must complete the remainder of their requirements as they complete the following phases of the professional education component:

  1. Exploring Learners' Needs in the Context of Schools: EDFS 002, EDSC 207, EDSC 209.

    Following completion of this first phase, students must submit an application to the Teacher Education Program. If the student has achieved passing scores on PRAXIS I, has a minimum 2.75 GPA overall, 2.75 in his or her major, and was successful in EDFS 002, EDSC 207 and EDSC 209 (B or better in each course), the student is accepted into Teacher Education and may begin work on the second phase of the program.

  2. Designing and Adapting Instruction: EDSC 215, EDSC 216 and subject methods.

    Subject methods for major: EDSC 225 (Social Studies), EDSC 227 (Science), EDSC 240 (English), EDSC 257 (Mathematics), or EDSC 259 (Foreign Languages).

  3. During this phase of the program, prior to student teaching, students must have an overall GPA of 3.0 and 3.0 in their major. Following a successful faculty review of a student's records, he or she is nominated for a placement. Students must successfully complete the interview process with school personnel in order to be confirmed for student teaching. Students complete a semester of full-time student teaching as the third phase of the program.

  4. Achieving Results in Schools: EDSC 226, EDSC 230.

    As students complete their degree program, each licensure candidate must submit a portfolio which documents competence with program and state licensure requirements (ROPA). Recommendation for licensure is based on successful completion of student teaching, a minimum overall grade-point average of 3.0, content major and professional courses at 3.0 or above, as well as submission of a satisfactory Licensure Portfolio, that meets state accreditation standards.

Student's Responsibility: Information about application and assignment procedures for the Secondary Education Program may be obtained from 405A Waterman. Students are responsible for obtaining information regarding the process and requirements, and for notifying the office as to changes in their status, address, or intentions for completion of their program.

Language Proficiency: A Language Proficiency Test is required for the Secondary Education Foreign Language majors.

Speech/Theatre: All students must demonstrate competence in communication by taking a speech or theatre course or by submitting evidence of competence (go to 405A Waterman for more information).

A typical, but not all-inclusive, program outline follows:


Course Credits
Fall Spring
EDFS 001 - Race and Racism in the U.S. 3
EDSS 055 - Making a Difference: Exploring Education 3
General Education Courses 9 6
EDFS 002 - School and Society 3
Minor 3
Major 3
Total 15 15
Sophomore Year
Course Term
Fall Spring
EDSP 5 - Issues Affecting Persons with Disabilites
Diversity Course (fulfilled by EDSP 005)
EDSC 11 - Educational Technology in the Secondary Education Classroom 3
Field-based experience (advisor approved CESS elective) 3
General Education Courses 6 3
Major 3 9
Minor 6
Total 18 18
Junior Year
Course Term
Fall Spring
EDSC 207 - Adolescent Development: Educational & Psychological Perspectives 3
EDSC 209 - Practicum in Teaching 4
Major 9 6
EDSC 215 - Reading in Secondary Schools 3
EDSC 216 - Curriculumn, Instruction & Assessment for Sec Schl Teachers 3
Special Methods (if Fall Student Teacher) 3
Minor 3
Total 16 15-18
Senior Year
Course Term
Fall Spring
Special Methods (if Spring Student Teacher) 3
EDSC 226 - Teaching Internship 12 or 12
EDSC 230 - Teaching for Results 3 or 3
Elective * 3 or 3
Minor 6 or 6
Total 12-18 12-18

* The number of electives depends on the degree of course overlap in the general education, major/minor, and diversity requirements. It is possible to have one course fulfill two requirements but the credits only count once.